Case study (Alex)

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Case study 1 Alex (0-3 years old)

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Els

Respond to the following questions and share your responses

  1. List the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years.

  2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life?

  3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies?

  4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies? 


5 Comments
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Catherine Njura Njoka
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Alex suffers trauma & depressio

He lacks parental support.

He requires love&appreciation

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Betty jepchumba
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Betty jepchumba

Alex lacked lactating,toileting

Language training

Toileting confidence building

Showing him alot love and spare time for him

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Lawrence Wafula
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Lawrence Wafula

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned toileting, gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Patricia Ogutu
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Cognitive and social economic competencies

Expressive

Love

Playful

Affection

Attachment

Sharing

Speech

Experiences:

Lack of parental care

Harsh environment

No proper training as each maid had her own way of handling him

Confusion

Traumatized

Fear

3.inability to master the desired competencies

Mistrust

Conflicting roles as potrayed by different caregivers

Lack of proper training

Dear

4.love

Systematic training

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Jetrudah Njoki
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Cognitive and Social emotional. Socializing with others,building friendship.respect others. Fear Depression.

Experience. Rigidness,tight and tough rules.

.requires love from parents and caregivers.

234 Answers
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Roselyne mukhuchi
Best Answer

Competencies that Alex needs are activities of daily living or toileting , feeding b, grooming, communication skills , socialization skills   Alex went through change of  10 house helps, he needs to acquire competencies such as toileting, communication, play, therapy 

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Purity Wairimu
Best Answer

Cognitive and social 

Be able to sing simple songs and recognises some letter. 

Social 

1 parental love.

2 Trauma

3Not able to relate well with other children.

As a child it was a horrible experience.

To help him the parents should create time to be with him.

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Radhia Nyongesa
Best Answer

1. Cognitive and socio-emotional competencies by age 3 by Alex: trust, respect, high self esteem, basic decision making and fluency un speech

2. Experiences Alex went through in his first 3 years: loneliness, lack of parental attention and care, lack of understanding, lack of attatchment and trust due to high turnover if househelps

3. How the experiences affected him: he developed mistrust due to high turnover of househelps, fear due to uncertainty of the next house help and how he would be treated, withdrawal and loneliness due to holding back from strangers as parents are absent.

4. Support he requires from those in his immediate environment to cope: patience, love, understanding, open communication, trust, respect and availability

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Zakaria Abdirizack

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned toileting, gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Mary Njuguna
Best Answer

Alex should have learnt talking, toileting loving and bonding with parents and care givers.

He lacked parental love,he is confused because of having many care givers,may be learnt many languages and behaviors.

 To help him he requires.

Understanding.

Parents to create time for him.

Teachers to guide him and bond with him.

Maintain one care givers who should be guided on how to guide him.

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FELIX OMONDI OMOLLO
Best Answer

1. Speech

Trauma

Toileting

Absence of parental love


2. Confusion

Lack of parental love

3.Inability to develop speech at appropriate time

4. Love

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Best Answer

three years Alex should have learned how to express himself even if not by words.

He should have stopped soiling on himself.

The experiences he went through could have been harsh because of change of house helps and each house help had a different approach in upbringing him.

At three he should have knownn how to express himself instead of crying.

He associated any new individual around as an enemy so learning was difficult.

Parents have time for Alex atleast they talk and Bond.

Teachers to encourage him academically and be friendly.

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Norah jeptoo
Best Answer

1) Alex suffered from Trauma,lack of understanding and love.  

2) Toilet training and emotional neglect.    

3) Lack of parental care.  

4) Proper toilet training, clear instructions,and proper feeding.    

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Peninah Bariwan
Best Answer

Alex suffered from trauma,lack of understanding from various house helps,lack of love, beatings as he was toilet trained.

Alex require the following:

Love from parents, teachers and caregivers

Understanding of his situation.

Acceptance the way he is

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elizabeth wanjiku
Best Answer

Alex ought to have mastered the skills of  forming  :

  • secure attachment

  • trusting the significant others

  • ability to express his needs/speech

  • able to receive and give affection

  • sharing

  • feeding/self efficacy

  • socialization


2 . In his first three years ALEX  suffered

  • lack of adequate parental attention and support

  • Emotional neglect

  • Trauma

  • Harsh environment

  • LACK OF EFFECTIVE LANGUAGE TRAINING

  • POOR TOILET TRAINING


3. EFFECTS :

  •  TRAUMA / depression

  • difficulty in trusting and  forming healthy attachments

  • confusion and fear

  • challenges in ability to master desired competencies



4. Alex requires support in form of 

  • love

  • emotional support to build healthy relationships

  • systematic training

  • Patience to pick up.

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Rachel Waweru
Best Answer

1. lacked self confidence, cooperation and expressive skills

2.non supportive and harsh

3. led to shame ,self doubt and low self esteem

4. love from teachers and caregivers

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Rael Jeptoo
Best Answer

He  eeds to have mastered talking,toileting or making a request to be taken,Exposure to other people

He suffers fear,lack of exposure,

Parent,teacher and caregivers need to take him through again

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Best Answer

Some of the cognitive and social=emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3years include:

1.Trust.

2.Secure attachment.

3.Self-control.

4.Self-confidence.

Alex experienced very unstable early relationships due to the high turnover in his caregivers.This denied him a chance to a secure trusting home environment and therefore he learnt mistrust and poor self control.Again,he was left under the care of househelps too early,which according to me ,denied him parental love and care ,too early,at two months.

These experiences contributed to his inability to master the desired competencies.For instance,his emotional development was affected and that's why in school he cried most of the time,soiled himself and shunned everyone because he could not even communicate his needs .

The support Alex to catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies,his parents,teachers and other caregivers need to create a secure and trusting relationship with him,support him as he learns to trust and promote self-control and confidence by affirming him when he does well.



 

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Loice Njeri Barasa
Best Answer

Trauma and depression

He lacked parental love

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Elly Ngetich
Best Answer

The child lacked attention from the parents. Language development was also lacking that's why the child could not express himself. Instead,the child cried to pass message to those around.

He lacked parental love and guidance. This lead to low self-esteem.

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Patriciah kyalo
Best Answer

Alex suffered from lack of socializing with age mates. Trust

and speech confidence 

Experienced rules, roles and behaviors of ten nannies which created fear and depression that affected relationships. 

He needs parental love, building his self esteem and creating confidence in his life. 

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Salome Njoki Mbugua
Best Answer

Listening, learning, thinking, talking and paying attention.

Self-esteem,self awareness, building relationships, managing self emotions and others, making friends

2.change of significant others, relationships problems,

3.parents, teachers, and other significant others should help Alex improve on:

Self-esteem, self awareness, building relationships managing self emotions

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Esther Anyuduk
Best Answer

Alex lacked parental love, toileting skills, brain development,  speech development.

In the first 3 years of his development, Alex went through a neglected childhood, where both of his parents were perpetually absent from his life. 

He lacked bonding with especially the mother. 

He lacked love, which even his nannies could not give him. 

His cognitive development was delayed,if not lacked.

He did not learn to accept himself and others, affecting his relationship with others.

Alex went through the hands of 10 nannies who didn't impact well on his growth and development.

Alex needs to be loved by his parents, teachers and other learners, to enable him acquire cognitive development, language and speech development and be provided with the opportunity to play with other children. This would enable him to acquire socially acceptable behaviour with others.

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Mirriam David
Best Answer

Socialising, building friendship 

Fear, depression, rigidness, tight and tough rules

Require- love from parents , caregivers and teachers 

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Polyne Akoth obudho
Best Answer

Alex needs emotional bonding which he lacked.

This affected him since he had different people with different characters all the time.

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Julius Bett
Best Answer

The suffered depression, dissatisfaction and  stigma.

He lacks parental love, support and care.

 He needs encouragement and assurance.

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Lucy kagendo
Best Answer

Toileting and communication

Lack of parental love

He lacked love and communication ways

He requires love and someone to teach him how to communicate.



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Joy Avia Kavita
Best Answer

1.Cognitive and socio-emotional competencies by 3 years.

-Ability to play/socialise 

- Able to recognize when he has a call of nature and say so.

- Ability to interact with others apart from 

family members.

- Some level of self expression 

2.Experiences of Alex in the first 3 years.

- lacked parental care 

- Lack of breastfeeding thus no or weak bond with the mother.

- Did not have a sense of permanency.

- Was not properly socialized.

3.How Alex's experiences contributed to making him lack competencies.

Lack of parental care contributed to making him lack most of the competencies as this are to be instilled by parents.Too much change of house helps made him lack sense of permanency.Lack of bond between him and his mother makes him not confident to express himself and unable to socialise with and love others .

4.Support needed by Alex from parents,teachers and care givers.

.Parental care,quality time with parents,love patience ,understanding from teachers and care givers, opportunity to interact with others.







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Violet Nafula Bwire
Best Answer

Alex lacked love, appreciation and bonding

Alex suffered change of househelps so he didnt have somebody to bond with. He faced trauma due to harsh toilet training, depression and loneliness. He was denied freedom to express himself.

As a result he cannot make friends since they might disappoint him by leaving him just like his caretakers.

Alex needs love 

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Asenath kabutia
Best Answer

At age 3. Alex should have been able to communicate properly, settled, cope with peers 

Th experience of many care givers affected him negatively, maybe some mistreated him

He needs to be understood and shown love

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THOMAS KIWAR NGIROO
Best Answer

He lacks the sense of belonging

He also lacks parental guidance

Trauma and emotional imbalances

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Best Answer

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned toileting, gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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hannah nyambura
Best Answer

Love, affection, care,to be Loved and help have self esteem.

Help him to have confidence then he will be able to perform all the others

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Erick Kwoba
Best Answer

He lacks the sense of belonging

He also lacks parental guidance

Trauma and emotional imbalances


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Beatrice Kedogo
Best Answer

Alex suffers from trauma stress and depression

Lacks parental love and support

Requires appreciation

Toileting confidence building.

Alex needs support

Be loved

Appreciation

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Elvin Oluoch
Best Answer

Alex never got parental love unti social behaviour fear didn't know how to express himself

Alex went thru 10 different caregivers who had different parenting style

The teachers should be supportive and caring   they should train him language  they provide love that he has been missing

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Recho atwane
Best Answer

Lack parental support

Suffers trauma

He requires love and appreciation

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Alice Manjuki
Best Answer

 1.Playing skills.

 Speech

2 lack of parental care.

 Not mastering toileting.

3 love and attention  both  from the parents and the teachers.

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Best Answer

He lacked parental love,play with peers, attachment, expression .His life in the previous years was harsh due to the many house girls that handled him and each was different from the other.The parents could have helped him by being there for him when they are available and check home randomly when the house girls least expect them.They could also have learn to listen to his grievances.

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Juliet Akinyi
Best Answer

1. Feeding,toileting, speech.

2. A change of over 10 house helps. Each had different behavior and might influence the child.

3. They taught him different things and before he mastered a particular skill from one, she went away.

4. He requires love and attention. His parents should engage someone they know permanently to help them. They should train him on toiletry, feeding and affirm him.

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Carren chepngetich
Best Answer

Toileting

Socialization

Communication

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Grace Wanyonyi
Best Answer

The competencies he need to have developed at 3yrs include:

Toilet training

Communication

Socializing


He experienced:

Lack of parental love

Challenges in his feeding

No consistency because of the changing of house helps

Confusion



He needs the following support:

Love

Affection

Understanding

Affirmation

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Catherine katua
Best Answer

1) should have learnt emotional management and toilet training 

2)change of maid and absent parents 

3)lack of parental love 

Parents should be available for their kids and avoid the sudden changes of maids


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Kiplagat Zephaniah
Best Answer

1. Lacked parental care

    Playing skills

     Crying continuously

      Lack of communication skills.

2. Requires continuous toilet-training 

     Enhanced socialization skills

    Free playing environment

    Parental love.

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Wilfresher Auma
Best Answer

1. Alex was denied parental love and care

2. The care givers had different personalities when handling him which may have affected him socially, emotionally and physically.

3. Alex requires counselling and more attention from his parents


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Rutto celestine
Best Answer

1.Codnitive and social-economic competencies Alex lacked

Communication skills

Trust

Security

Self confidence

2.Experiences

Mistrust

Poor Self control

3.Contribution of this experience

 fear

Different personalities

Unfriendly environment at home

4.How to help Alex

Show love and affection

Proper toilet training

Proper feeding

Promote self-confidence and self control

Teach about trust




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Nelly Chepkemoi
Best Answer

Alex lacked  proper training  in toileting, how to relate with fellow friends.

He lacked parental love 

He was under stress he was probably mistreated by the househelps 

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Best Answer

Alex developed confusion of competencies as each maid had their own rules. He needs motherly love and affection to outgrow  fear

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Mary Nyambura Gitau
Best Answer

Alex should have learnt not to soil himself by the age of 3yrs 

He was supposed to have learnt how to express himself 


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Best Answer

Depression and  trauma 

Lack of parental  support 

Love 

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Best Answer

Alex lacked :

Parental involvement

Toileting skills

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Frida micheni
Best Answer

He lacked parental love,play with peers, attachment, expression .His life in the previous years was harsh due to the many house girls that handled him and each was different from the other.The parents could have helped him by being there for him when they are available and check home randomly when the house girls least expect them.They could also have learn to listen to his grievances.


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Alex first three years lacked ____

Parental love and bonding. 

Security_ insecure having been handled by many househelps

Inconsistent training. 

These experiences affects his growth negatively in that he lacks confidence, soiled his clothes and cries. 

Parents and caregivers can remedy the situation by___ spending quality time with him, show him love and support. 

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At age 3  years a child cognitive competences include:

            saying their names

            say parents name

            answer simple questions

            speak simple and complete sentence

emotional  and social competences

        interact with, people around them

        initiate or join play

        follow simple rules

        use toilet

        simple dressing and undressing

        feel embarrassed, shame and fear

        feel frustrated and cry

2.  Alex experience in the first 3 years

                lacked parental love/bonding

                lacked consistence in training due to frequent change of househelps

                could not develop meaningful relationship hence insecurity

3. The experiences affected his growth negatively, e.g. he lacked confidence, he soiled his clothes

        It also affected him socially and emotionally that's why he cried

4. What the parents and care givers can do to remedy the situation

                    send quality time with him for bonding

                    show him love and support

                    Reassure him


        

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Anne miringu
Best Answer

Toileting skills

Some level of interpersonal skills

Communication skills

Alex experiences in the first 3 years- separation  anxiety

Due to separation anxiety, Alex was unable to acquire competencies

Alex needs love assurance from the parents, empathy to help him acquire the competencies.

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Elizabeth Kasyoka
Best Answer

1.Alex should be able to interact with other children, expresse his desires,and settle down in class.


2.Alex is insecure ,lacks love  and  emotional support from parents.Had too many care givers so he has a problem with attachment.
3.Alex should be helped to be secure through reassure and consistent support.He should be gradually introduced to play group.

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Best Answer

Alex should have received love and proper nurturing

he had lacked parental support and attachment, and lack of trust

he requires protection and training at an early stage

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Hellen sainah
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Cognitive  and socio emotional  competences  that Alex need to  have mastered. 

Listening to language 

Tasting food

Interacting with people  around them

Following  simple direction

Aware of other people's  feelings

Experiences  Alex went through in his first 3years of  age

Change of caregivers 

High tolerance  of pain

Toileting

Rough play

How these experiences have contributed to his ability/inability to master the desired competences 

Lack of parental  love

Mistrust

Reluctant  to play

Fear caused by changing of caregivers 

Support required by Alex

Interacting with him

Safe developmentally appropriate materials 

Praising good behaviour and effort

 Provide a consistent,nurturing relationship

Respond to the child's  needs. 

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Best Answer

Cognitive and socio_emotional challenges are

1lack parental love

2.depression

3.Trauma

4.toileting

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Florence Atieno
Best Answer

Alex went through trauma

He lacked parental care

He needs love, affection, assurance and encouragement

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Mary Nangolol
Best Answer

Parental relationship is negative 

Depression

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NELLY CHELIMO
Best Answer

Alex surfers from depression.He lacks parental love

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Yarasiwa Thomas
Best Answer

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned toileting, gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Best Answer

Q1. Cognitive and social- emotional competencies that Alex needs to have Mastered by 3 years

1. Language development

2. Toileting

3. Building of trust

Q2. Experiences that Alex went through in the first 3 years

1. Confusion

2.  Trauma

3. Fear

Q3. Conflicting and confusing training from different caregivers

Q4. Support needed from parents, teachers and other caregivers

1. Showing him love and appreciating him

2. Creat secure and trusting relationship with Alex

3. Support him as he learns to trust

4. Promote his self control and confidence by affirming him when he does well

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JOYCE ODHIAMBO
Best Answer

Cognitive and socioemotional competencies Alex needs to have learned by the age of 3years

Confidence, knowing people he can trust, knowing who is the family, being able to attend to calls of nature without soiling himself 

Experience Alex went through and how it contributed to his inability to master desired competencies

Parents leaving him at the age of 2 months under the care of house helps who were again being changed almost monthly without him properly bonding with them.

Each of them could come with their varied ways of upbringing which made the boy not understand which way to go.

Support required by Alex from teachers, parents and other care givers

Love

,trust,

getting encouraged when he does the right thing this will help him start developing self confidence

Toilet training 



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Alice Getrude Okonya
Best Answer

He is traumatised, lost self-confidence

He needs love, support and assurance

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Virginiah Gakahu
Best Answer

Alex suffered mentor torture

Every milestone thereafter affected

eg. Socialistion

Trust 

Self ego

Etc

He should be helped to build them, starting with great Love from a close person like a mum.be appreciated

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Viola kulei
Best Answer

Alex had problems since when he was born,he had different nannies who handled him differently

Teachers need to talk to Alex and understand him,love him, encourage him and be close to him

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Monica Oyiro
Best Answer

That child suffered

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Best Answer

ALEX lacked parental care and love.

.He is traumatic and depressed because of what he went through the  hands of house helps.

. parents , Teachers and house should work together to make sure that be Alex get what he missed..

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DORIES TITO
Best Answer

1.Cognitive and socio-emotional competencies required were

-trust

-secure attachment

-self-control

-self-confidence

2.Experiences

-Tough rules,rigidity,lacked parental love,play,toilet training,moral and emotional support

3.The experiences created confusion,fear and poor instructions leading to inability to master desired competencies.

4.Support required

-proper toilet training,clear instructions,proper feeding,nurturing and feedback

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Susan Amimo
Best Answer

Alex went through trauma, lacked parental support mostly under house help care, he lacked basic child training he needed at that age 

He needs support on language, toilet training, speech he née play therapy to be able to learn more 

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Philomena chepchumba
Best Answer

Trauma,lack of parental love and depression.

Alex went through change of 10 house helps.

Alex would have build strong bond with the mother and he would have enjoyed parental love

Alex need emotional support

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Mercy Muraya
Best Answer

Toileting,speaking fruently,socialization,sharing

Experiences he went through(trauma,stress,depression,emotional breakdown)

Those experiences exposed him to very cruel character traits

He needs(parental love, bonding with siblings and peers, and other relatives)

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Ezekiel Wanzala
Best Answer

Alex  could have been able to  identify  family  members, known  how to  toilet, 

Experience :lacked  parental  care and love, lacked  social  emotional support  from parents. 

3.Inability .No body directed  him whenever he required  help,

4.He requires love, speech development, confidence 

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Patroba Kosgei
Best Answer

1. language, toilet training, movement

2. instability at home

3. each caregiver raised him differently

4. more specialized care given to him 

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Best Answer

Alex needed to know toileting skills, how to make and play with friends, to trust others near him

Experiences of Alex in the 1st 3 years were; confusion, mistrust, trauma, depression

These experiences contributed to his not mastering the competences needed by; not having an attachment to anyone, he didn't get any training due to different instructions at different times that he kept unlearning instead of learning. The environment was unfriendly to cause any mastery.

Alex requires support, love, guidance, affirmation and reinforcement from parents, teachers and care givers

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Lucy Jepchumba
Best Answer

-          Alex needs to have mastered toileting, ability to communicate his needs, being friendly and confident.

-          The experiences Alex went through are unstable environment caused by constant change of house girls, lack of parental affection and affirmation.

-          These experiences Affected his ability to communicate his needs with confidence thus ends up crying a lot.

-          The support he needs so as to catch up is a stable environment that’s full of love and affirmation and reassurance. 

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Abdisalam Issack
Best Answer

Alex suffers trauma 

He lacks parental love

He needs love and protection.


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NALEA MURUGA NYAGA
Best Answer

Alex lacked parental love , care bond and attention, his parents should try to tighten their bond , care and love for him

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Lenah J Sanga
Best Answer

Lenah

Lucked parental love and care

Competencies Alex missed are:

Communicating skills

Toileting skills

Playing skills

Alex ought to be taught:

Communication skills

Toileting skills

Give an environment suitable for playing and socializing.

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Nancy Wagatwe
Best Answer

Alex missed competencies if healthy mental growth, ability to share love and be loved,to trust or mistrust. Alex  experienced the world in an inconsistent pattern_ before trusting the parents who were busy,a househelps come and comes.He had to deal with a series of separation anxiety. Alex may have experienced a set of confusing instructions .His please parents need to set Quality time with  him,  retrain on him on toilet procedures without condemning him in the process of training and rewarding positive behavior .Parents need to inform the teacher about the challenges Alex is facing,for support from school.

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Florence Andesia
Best Answer

Alex lacked parental care at a tender age

He suffers trauma for being moved from hand to hand by the several baby sitters he was attended by.

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ALI ADOW ABDINOOR
Best Answer

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned toileting, gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Angelina Mueke
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Lack of parental support and depression.

He needs love and care

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Francisca Korir
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Cognitive and socio- emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered at the age of 3 yes of her life.

He needs to have known how to use the toilets and be able to play with his age mates in school without necessarily crying all the time.

Experiences that Alex underwent during his first 3 yrs of life.

He was left at the mercies  of several baby sitters and most of the time without his parents

Lacked parental support and love.

Significance

Lack of consistency in the  person he was used to because babies develop an attachment to the person  close to them .

If the attachment is broken every time the baby stops  learning and starts a fresh hence no learning takes place.

Support to Alex

Needs to be shown love and compassion and given systematic training.

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Alex suffers trauma. 

He lacks parental support. 

He requires love

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Michael Barasa
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  1. List the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years.                              Alex needs to have mastered good behaviors, eg known how to use the toilet by then and to be able to play with his friends in school without crying all the time, personality traits, attitude and beliefs.

  2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life?                                                    Being left in the hands of several babysitter and went most of the times without his parents. he lacked parental support.

  3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies?                                  Lack of consistency in the person he was used to. babies develop an attachment to the person close to them so that they can learn from them after the attachment. if this attachment is broken every time you bring in a new person, the baby stops learning and starts afresh hence no learning taking place

  4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies?                                     He needs to shown love and compassion. 

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  1. List the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years. Alex needs to have known how to use the toilet by then and to be able to play with his friends in school without crying all the time.

  2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life? he was left in the hands of several babysitter and went most of the times without his parents. he lacked parental support.

  3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies? lack of consistency in the person he was used to. babies develop an attachment to the person close to them so that they can learn from them after the attachment. if this attachment is broken every time you bring in a new person, the baby stops learning and starts afresh hence no learning taking place

  4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies? he needs to shown love and compassion. 


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Eunice cheptuyot
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Cognitive and social economic competencies

Expressive

Love

Playful

Affection

Attachment

Sharing

Speech

Experiences:

Lack of parental care

Harsh environment

No proper training as each maid had her own way of handling him

Confusion

Traumatized

Fear

3.inability to master the desired competencies

Mistrust

Conflicting roles as potrayed by different caregivers

Lack of proper training

Dear

4.love

Systematic training

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Leonorah Mwamsae
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1. List the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years.

  •  Able to use words to express thoughts and feelings and to share experiences.

  • Talk to himself out loud as a way to control his behaviors.

  • Begin to think ahead and plan their actions; often can anticipate physical consequences of actions that are not too complicated

  • Starting to see the difference between things they see and what they really are.

  • 6. Starting to see the relationship of cause and effect (If I do this, then that will happen)

2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life?-

Alex went through 10 different caregivers


3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies?

Each of the 10 caregivers had different "parenting" styles and this affected his ability to master the desired competencies.

4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies? -

language training, toilet training and play therapy will enable him catch up on acquisition of desired competencies.


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Jannet Chebunye
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Alex experiences  mistreatment   lack of parental love  lack of proper  communication   trauma. He needs parents'love ,appreciation  .The teachers to appreciate  him  in whatever is able to  do ,love him ,guide other learners to help  him eg taking him   to the toilet. 

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Purity W Maina
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1:-toileting

-feeding 

-communication skills. 

-socialization.

2 -

1.lack of  parental love.

-confusion due to different  care givers. 

3.-depression and fear.

4.love and progressive training. 

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Polycarp Orinda
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1)cognitive and socio -emotional competencies Alex lacked 

  unfriendly environment making not trust anybody

- love from the parent and care givers

- self-confidence

2) experience Alex went through during first 3 years

     -unfriendly environment- the caregivers did not  create a friendly environment

- the caregivers did create good relationship with Alex so he had interpersonal relationship

- he lacked proper toilet training

3) how his experiences contributed to his ability or inability to master desired competencies.

   -Hostile home environment made him not trust other children so he kept away from them.

-poor interpersonal relationship made him isolate himself from others

-he was not able to get proper nurturing and toilet training hence he could soil himself.

4) Support Alex need from parents ,teachers and caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies.

-Proper toilet training

-to be loved and trained to love

-to be affirmed when he has anything right.   

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Gladys kipturu
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Alex suffered trauma, depression and affection

He should have mastered how to express himself and what he wants rather than keep on crying, also should not soil himself any longer.

He may have been tortured by the care takers, no affection and love.

He needs approval, love and parental affection.

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Peter Kabiru
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Cognitive and socioemotional needs

Parental love,  trust and bond

Experiences

Neglect, poor/different mothering abilities

Contribution of the experiences

Poor mastery of basic concepts e.g parents name

Support

He requires parental love, teachings on basics such as toilet training, basic knowledge,  healthy attachment and relatioships

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Peris Enos
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Alex suffered the following.

Parental love and care.

Trauma and confusion

Lacked toilet training.

Depression.

All this would be sorted by 

Tender love and care from the parents .






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Joanngugi
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Cognitive and socia emotional competencies: toileting, feeding, speech,self expression, independency and socialization.Alex experiences are:lack of parental love and care, mother son bound, resulting to fear loneliness,truama and frustration

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Mrs. Wambugu
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1. List the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years.

Trust, healthy attachment and self-confidence

2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life?

He was left under the care of a house help at 2 months. Had 10 different nannies by the time he turned 3 years old.

3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies? He wasn't able to get stable nurturing and toilet training.

4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies?
Proper toilet training, love and affection, a lot of afffirmation

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Dorcas muleso
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Competencies lacked taking ability,lacks parental support,care,love and appreciation.

He went through different caregivers this can be so confusing to a child.Different instructions from each.

Language training,love,care

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Truphena Cherotich
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Did not develop trust 

Lacked parental love and attachment due to many  house girls who raised him.He needs a lot of affirmation from his teachers.

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Anna M Musyoka
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Alex couldn't trust and communicate  easily with people

He was traumatised by his childhood experiences. He needs to be loved and cared for

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MIKE SANG
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Lack of parental love

Depression

Feeding problems

 Change of ten different house helps.

Alex would have been learned self confidence , gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Zipporah mwatha
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Aby the age of 3 Alex should have acquired. Social acceptance, toilet training, self confidence. Language. Alex  developed fear and loneliness.       Due to change of househelp, Alex got lost emotionally, socially,and mentally.                               Teachers needs to show him love and affection. They should be patient with him.and show alot of appreciation to him

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John Ngigi
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competencies that Alex needs - activities of daily living or toileting , feeding , grooming, communication skills , socialization skills   Alex went through change of  10 house helps, he needs to acquire competencies such as toileting, communication, play, therapy 

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Martha Gikonyo
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Alex suffers from:

Lack of parental love

Trauma

Depression

Feeding problems

Alex went through change of 10 house help.

Alex would have been learned self confidence , gotten parental love, bonded strongly with the mother.

Alex needs support,be loved, socialization

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Hawa wabomba
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At age 3 he should be able to toiletting  properly

He has fear and confusion

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Alex lacked parental love care and training like toileting, he need all that

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Mercy chepkirui
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Alex suffers depression, trauma

Lacked of parental care, love

At the age of three, Alex should have know how to express himself

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Redemptah Kikunze
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Suffer trauma and depression

Lacks parental support

Lacked lactating toileting

Love and socialization

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Divinah Cherop
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Alex suffers from depression, trauma, negligence.

He lacked language training, toilet training and love.

He needs activities in play with age group, feeding himself, communication skills.

He needs parental love and alot of patience.

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Susan cheruiyot
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Susan Cheruiyot.

Alex needs to have mastered the following:

Proper toileting,speech.

Experiences he went through.

Lack of love from parents,trauma,depression.

Alex needs love,understanding and patience from them all.

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Jane Odugu
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1. Competencies ought to have been achieved 

Proper toileting 

Self feeding 

Expressing needs

2. Being brought up by different personalities 

3. Confused because of different caregivers 

4. Affected negatively by different caregivers

Alex needs understanding and patience from the caregivers. 

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Peninah
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Cognitive n socio emotional competencies

1.Love,trust,attachment and care 

2.Experience he went through,mistreat by care givers.

Lack of parental love

Depression

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cognitive and socio-emotional competencies.

1.Love,trust,attachment and care.

2.Experience he went through;

Mistrust taken care by different caregivers.

Messy,stingy,obsessive not coping up with different upbringing.

3)How could experience contributed;

Different instructions given by turnover in caregivers which brought confusion.to master desired competencies.

Support to be given is

Parent to give great care for their children especially at early stages of life that is to be responsible.

Teachers to be role models and guide and counsel them from time to time.

Care givers to be human and perform their duties of upbringing.

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BEATRICE AYIEKO
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1.Develoo language

Be friendly

Be emotionally stable.

2.Trauma

Parental love

Stress

4.Parental love.

Empathy.

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Jane wangeci
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Alex surfers from

Depression

Trauma

Parental love

Toileting

Alex went through change of 10 house help

He requires close parenting, love,toileting, learn how to express in different feelings


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Joyce cherono
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Alex at age of 3 years,should have learnt how express  his feelings instead of crying, toileting and manners.

He lacked parental love and was left 10 houselps with different mannerisms and different child handling skills which could have affected Alex's growth.

Alex requires close parenting,love, toileting ,learn how to express different feelings



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Eunice kamanthe John
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1.Competencies at 3 years

-Toileting

-Basic mannerisms 

-Basic words in the child's L1

2.Experiences undergone:

Physical abuse.

Emotional abuse.

Psychological abuse.

Lack of parental love.

3.Effects of such  Experiences:

Physical abuses developed fear and low esteeme in him.

Lack of parental love made him develop negative attitude towards other people.

Emotional abuses made him develop negative attitude towards others.

Frequent changes of househelps confused him more hence failed to understand issues.

4.Support from his;

Parents are supposed to offer parental love, proper nutrition, care and  support

Teachers are advised to show love, train on basic lifeskills and guidance 

 Caregivers should emphasize on toileting, socializing skills and basic mannerism skills. 


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712967
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Trauma , depression,lack of Basic skills like toileting,language training

Show love and appreciation


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Edith Mang'oli
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Cognitive and social emotional competences

Trust

Feeling secure

Love

Experiences

Lack of love

Harassment when he soiled himself

The experiences developed fear and withdrawal

How parents and teachers can help

Showing him love

Talking and guiding him kindly when he soils himself








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Shaila Mwanza
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Alex is depressed because he felt neglected at some point in life by his parents and left in the hands of different househelps.

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BENARD AMBUCHI
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1.Competencies at 3 years

-Toileting

-Mannerism

-Language

-Communication

-Social

2.Experiences undergone:

Physical abuse.

Emotional abuse.

Psychological abuse.

Lack of parental love.

Lack of proper nutrition.

3.Effects of Experiences:

Physical abuses developed fear and low esteeme in him.

Lack of parental love made him develop negative attitude towards other people.

Emotional abuses made him develop negative attitude towards others.

Frequent changes of househelps confused him more hence failed to understand issues.

4.Support from his;

Parents are supposed to offer parental love, support and good nutrition.

Teachers are advised to show love, lifeskills training and guidance and counseling.

Other caregivers should emphasize on toileting skills, communication skills, socializing skills,mannerism training and language patterns training.



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Ambrose lepati
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Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Ambrose lepati
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Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Ambrose lepati
Best Answer

Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Ambrose lepati
Best Answer

Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Ambrose lepati
Best Answer

Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Ambrose lepati
Best Answer

Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Tadicha diramu
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1)cognitive and socio-emotional competencies.

-love,trust,attachment and care.

2)Experience he went through;

Mistrust taken care by different caregivers.

Messy,stingy,obsessive not coping up with different upbringing.

3)How could experience contributed;

Different instructions given by turnover in caregivers which brought confusion.to master desired competencies.

Support to be given;

Parent to give great care for their children especially at early stages of life that is to be responsible.

Teachers to be role models and guide and counsel them from time to time.

Care givers to be human and perform their duties of upbringing.

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Lilian kimiti
Best Answer

Alex lacked parents love 

He underwent many hands which confused. He lacked love and appreciation. 

He needed the skills of communicating 

Toileting 

Socialising and self esteem. and tharapy training. 

The teachers needed to show him love, appreciation and encouragement to do his work. 

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Catherine mkiwa
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Lucked parental support and training

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Abdirahman Ibrahim
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Competencies that Alex needs are activities of daily living or toileting , feeding b, grooming, communication skills , socialization skills   Alex went through change of  10 house helps, he needs to acquire competencies such as toileting, communication, play, therapy 

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Mwok Johnathan Awan
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Toileting

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Chepkirui Lilian
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Toileting and language. He's suffering from depression 

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Omudele John
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Competencies Alex should have developed;

  • Socialization.

  • Self efficacy

  • Communication and collaboration.

  • Toileting

Challenges;

  • Trauma

  • Withdrawal.

  • Physical abuse.


Contributions to his inabilities and abilities;

  • Diminishing statements- lowers self-esteem.

  • Lack of food- health related problems.


Support program to Alex;

  • Guidance and counselling

  • psychosocial support.

  • Reintroduction of rights.

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Dorothy Biteya
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Alex lacked parental care of which could have helped in toileting and building trust. 

The child got confused, ten house helps,? Each with her own way of doing things. 

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Elishiba John
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Alex suffers from depression and trauma 

He lacked parental care and support due to the frequent change and transition in care givers 

Alex requires support from care givers e.g teachers and parents to aid him in catching up with the acquisition of the competencies expected

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Ann Mathenge
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1.speaking,toileting.                                           2.parental love, inadequate care.                    3.fepression,fear.                                              4.counseling,needs love.

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Caroline Munge
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Able to use words in communication

Talk to themselves

Ask alot of how,why

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MOSES K KITUR
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Congnitive and socio emotional.

Home is the first school for the children

Parents are the first teachers of the children.

These affect the child development- 

1


1 language acquisition, toileting, trust, communication skills, socialization.

2 The ten caregivers, toileting, feeding training, lack of parental love,

3 The ten caregivers, absent of the parent love.

4 Love, communication



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Ngeno Hilary Kipkirui
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This child was confused by by the many house helps he was exposed to. To many changes in the life of a young person is enough to disturb the child. 

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Nancy okal
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  1. cognitive and socio-emotional competencies: Toileting, feedings himself,trust, talking

  2. Experiences Alex went through in his first three years of life were; missing parental care,changing care givers who might have taught him differently,Pampers all the time

  3.  These experiences may have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies because he went through different care givers.

  4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies? He requires love and guidance

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WERE MILTON
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1 cognitive 

Toilet training must have been mastered

Social

Lacked interpersonal relationship

2. Lacked parental assistance

3if Alex had spent enough time with parents,he could have developed good interpersonal relationship and toileting

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Maymuna Osman Abdi
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Alex lacked  toileting skills, language speaking.the child should be supported through love and spending time with

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1. competencies:

-Toileting

-self confidence

-Trust

-Self expression

2. It seems he is traumatized may be he was mistreated , he lacks confidence and needs love.

3. He went through different caregivers and must have been mistreated.

4. He lacked parental love and support that's why he is not confident and scared. He needs to be guided with love for him to acquire the competencies.

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Victoria Sila
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Competencies  to achieve by 3 years to feed by himself, go to the toilet by self and play well with other kids.

Due to the high turnover of caregivers, Alex had challenges  building trusting relationships with other people.

His parents and teachers need to create a secure environment for Alex to help him develop trust, confidence and self control.

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Best Answer

Alex suffered from trauma and isolation to the extent of affecting him socially, physically because he was abandoned at early age.10 caregivers disrupted him in growth and development.Alex need total love, retraining by teachers and parents for toilet trained,if he's left he may drift to a stage of fixation.

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Bett Kipkorir Weldon
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Alex suffered depression and trauma. He suffered emotionally, socially, morally, loneliness and parental love

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Christine Minayo
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trauma & depression

He lacks parental support and close supervision.

fear was instilled in him

He requires love & appreciation

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Chepkemoi Leah
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Thrust, emotional connection

He needs his parents help him build thrust, love, social skills.

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Patricia maina
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Patricia Maina.

I vote for Salome Cheserek.

Cognitive and socio emotional competencies expected at 3years are; think, listen, understand, guestion, justify and pay attention.

In the first 3years,he had a change over of 10 house helps.This created confusion.

The confusion he got into  could not allow him to master the desired competencies.

Alex reguires to be understood by parents, teachers and other caregivers.


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Reginah K Kitheka
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1. Alex needed to have mastered skill such as:
Communication for self expression
Independent toileting
Ability to feed himself 
Should have enjoyed parental love
Step2
The experiences he went through included:
Staying under pampers all the time
Lucked socialization skills
Communication barrier
Had no opportunity to feed himself
  Step 3
These experiences could have contributed to:
Inability to develop the toileting skills
To communicate fluently
Have self esteem 
Step 4
Alex could have been supported by:
Given opportunity to use one language.
Given encouragement in all his attempts
Be engaged in outings to gain self esteem
Show him love and appreciation
Proper guidance at home and at school
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Maimuna
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Cognitive and socio _emotional competencies___The boy lacked 1.Toileting speaking,ability to feed himself , Healthy attachment..lacked trust,love and care

Experiences: lack of parental love,lack of communication skills, mistrust,problem trusting others and he was traumatized.

Influenced: He learned to  feed himself, overcome the situation with the house helps.

Support :Be patient, provision of conducive environment for his growth and development wellbeing.proper feeding, provide stable care givers..and parental love...above all he needed counseling. At home and at school.

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Atiang Joan Murefu
Best Answer

Cognitive and socio emotions competencies are:

Toileting.

Speaking.

Alex went through bitter   experience

Since he was under the care of many people or hands, he did not open up to any one of them.

He can be helped to master the skills of toileting.

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Salome cheserek
Best Answer

1.  the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex lacked include;
         - Ability to feed self.   Toileting  and  grooming 

2. The experiences Alex went through in his first three years of life include;
            - lack of  love because of many house helps with different personality. Lack of socialization making him antisocial.
3. How the experiences contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies? 
    - lack of love, unable to socialize. This experiences created fear, poor language development , poor communication to express self.
4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies?
        - He needs love, encouragement , guidance and counselling  and appreciation.

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Sr. Francisca Yovo
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cognitive competencies at 3-identifying one's items, name, gender, speaking and claiming one's items

socio-emotional competencies at 3 years-psychomotor, toilet-training, healthy attachments.

Alex's experiences in 1st 3 years in life-lack of healthy child-parent/caregiver attachment.

On the fisrt, day at school, he could thus not trust anyone to be left with him. He sensed the world as insecure.

Alex should be shown much love by parents, teachers and caregivers in order to learn to trust again.

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Imuchui k.glory
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1. Socialisation, care

2. Parental love, playmates, good care giver to understand him

3.not able to socialize, not able to express his feeling

4. Needs parental love and care

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Sarah Lusweti
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Alex suffers from trauma , depression, lonely 

Alex needs love, guidance, language training, toilet training,play therapy


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Irene ivy
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Alex had a challenge accepting the change from home to school,he wasn't confident in the transition,and found it difficult to adapt to the change.

His parents and teachers need to be patient with him,be consistent so as to build trust in him,and he for sure will adapt with time

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Esther kerich
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COGNITIVE AND SOCIAL ECONOMIC COMPETENCIES.proper way of feeding, good communication skills, toileting socialization.EXPERIENCES.lack of parental love and care, incomplete toilet training,no attention from parents, lack of socialization and communication skills.These experiences have contributed to inability to Master the desired competencies.The changing of the house help has made it difficult for the young one to Master some of the skills like the communication and socialization skills this could be because of language barrier.The several strange faces made the child to shy of.SUPPORT REGUIRED.love and care from parents, retraining in toileting,teach socialization and communication skills, patience from caregivers and parents, parents sacrifice their time for the child.

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Dianakeith
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Realizes close people. Able to communicate.socialises with peers thru play.cries loudly to express moods or fight back, can slightly differentiate good from bad.

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  1. ist the cognitive and socio-emotional competencies that Alex needs to have mastered by the age of 3 years. He supposed to know when to go for the call of nature. He is also expected to have interacted with family members

  2. What experiences did Alex go through in his first three years of life? He felt not having parents because his two parents never gave him love

  3. How could these experiences have contributed to his ability or inability to master the desired competencies? The boy might develop some uncooth or maladjusted behavious

  4. What support does Alex require from his parents, teacher and other caregivers to help him catch up on acquisition of the expected competencies? The kind of support this kid require are 1. Unconditional love

  5. 2. He need social interaction where in the school he is put in the right group

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Emmy Chelangat
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Love,care , language acquisition,toileting,trauma.

He can overcome with support from parents and caregivers and teachers by understanding him teaching him slowly

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1. Proper feeding 

Good communication 

Toileting making friends 

2. Lack of good parental love and care,

Incomplete toilet training 

Lack of parental care and support 

Trauma 

3. These 10 girls  had differences in character,  emotions,  temperament  and training techniques. 

4. Support i