1) Sexual abuse is sexual behavior or sexual act forced upon a woman, man or child without their consent.
2) how to prevent sexual abuse
in case 1 Sita should not have walked along the path alone.
In case 2 Bino should not have accepted food from a stranger.
In case 3 Sara should have reported the case to the grandmother or any of the family members.
3) Why sexual abuse cases not reported
-Guilt and shame prevent the victim from reporting the cases.
- threats from the abusers
- poverty as some the abusers are responsible in supporting victim in terms of their upkeep and paying their school fees.
Lack of knowledge or not knowing where they can get help children department or child help line 116
4) Causes of sexual abuse include poverty,lack of education, unemployment, homelessness, lack of self-confidence, Stress, poor mental health, acquaintances.
Effect of sexual abuse
the victim is always in the shadow of fear and never gets out of it if not attended to.
II) Emotional and mental harm
victim can acquire sexual transmitted diseases and become pregnant. Emotional impact on the victim may include depression,anxiety, eating disorders.
iii)Guilt and shame
sexually abused victims usually feels guilty and are a shamed to talk about to anyone.
iv) Impaired brain damage
Brain development takes place up to 25 years. Sexual abuse within these age bracket can affect brain development which can result in under development of the brain. a problem of depression can also sets in.
v) Abusive behavior
Abused victim will also most likely develop abusive behavior.
vi) most of them will develop poor interpersonal relationship.
Ways of helping learners to help them prevent sexual abuse.
i) train them to be assertive and to say NO to sexual abusers
ii) Help them to set focused goals in life, this will enable them to focus on the their core business in school that acquiring knowledge.
iii) Train on life skills to enable them how to productively interact with the family members and community. For examples encourage them not in lonely places with family members or strangers. let them be aware of their environment and be able to access if there is danger around them
iv) Let them be aware of various help available for them like children department or child help line 116 which can link to the children department.
v) Engage them productively so that they are no idle. An idle mind is the devils workshop.
vi) With the help of peer counselors identity learners who might have signs of the effects sexual abuse so that they can guided counsel and if need be professional help sought.